Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder is very common in both
adults and children. Left untreated, it can result in life-long
dysfunction: poor school performance, social problems,
inabilities to succeed at work, and multiple other consequences.
Oftentimes, ADHD is relatively straightforward to diagnose and
There are two basic variations of ADHD. The
hyperactive, impulsive version is the one with which
most people are familiar. The child or adult appears
to be "bouncing off of the walls", cannot sit still,
cannot keep himself or herself quiet easily. In the
inattentive type of ADHD, the patient cannot focus, is
forgetful, cannot concentrate, and is generally
doing poorly at work, school, and at home.
In general, ADHD is treated with medications. The most common
types of medication are stimulants. Stimulants can have many side
effects, so prescription and monitoring by a physician experienced
in their use is important. The medications may cause weight loss or
insomnia, and so they must be prescribed appropriately. Therapy,
too, may be helpful in assisting the patient learn coping skills to
help with the difficulties that he or she has been experiencing.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder/ Attention Deficit Disorder